Public health officials in Britain have reported that there has been a spurt in cases among children of strange polio like health conditions that causes weakness and paralysis. During 2018 around 28 cases of this rare and debilitating medical condition was reported that is termed as acute flaccid paralysis (AFP) and most of them occurred in October. In the United States too similar condition cases were reported by Center for Disease Control that says that according to data available there were 165 confirmed cases during 2018 while the previous year there were 35. The CDC report suggests that cases generally peak during fall every year and there were 149 cases in 2016.
During AFP the children are afflicted with sudden onset of weakness in the limbs followed by other conditions like myelitis and Guillain-Barre Syndrome. British govt. executive health agency made a public announcement that any child or adult experiencing weakness in their limbs should seek medical care immediately. Dr. Mary Ramsay of Public Health England stated that AFP is a rare condition and their team is working hard to create awareness among healthcare professionals to test and manage people afflicted with AFP.
According to epidemiologist Dr. Shamez Ladhani of Public Health England this disease is associated with a virus infection that affects central nervous system and the most common among them is the enterovirus which is difficult to trace as there are more than 100 types of them. Majority of them cause mild respiratory illness or nothing at all. Even the US CDC stated that it has not been able to find a common cause for this disease among the cases as almost 90 percent of the patients had experienced respiratory issues and fever before weakness and paralysis began. The cases are being monitored by PHE to ensure that none of these patients are afflicted with polio as it belongs to the same virus family of enteroviruses.
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