A study by UK’s Met office has confirmed that climate change has boosted the chances of heat waves during summer across the nation and the record breaking heat this year was most likely due to emissions from human activity. While earlier the odds of summer heat-waves in UK were less than one %, changing climate conditions have led to increase by 12 %and now the likelihood of heat waves could be once every eight years. The excessive heat of summer in 2018 was similar to summers experienced in 1976, 2003 and again in 2006 which sustained themselves across the nation.
In UK the highest temperature of 2018 was recorded at Felsham near Suffolk which was at 35.6 C. Researchers that analyzed the data with climate models and announced during global climate discussions at Poland that impact of global warming was significant on UK’s hot summer. Peter Stott from UK’s Met Office who made the analysis said that heat wave was 30 times more likely due to climate change that was happening due to emission of greenhouse gases. Several centuries ago a heat wave like that of 2018 would have been a rarity but after the industrial revolution when greenhouse gases started getting pumped into the atmosphere this situation became a possibility.
Climate related observational information has been maintained in England since 1659 and the hottest summer when temperature was above the one recorded in 2018 occurred in 1826. As per records the next time high temperature period was experienced this year so it strengthens their argument that scorching summers are due to climate change. Recent studies have also shown the scale of impact that usage of fossil fuels has on environment as concentration of carbon emissions has reached a record high this year. Global Carbon Project showed that in 2018 the emissions of CO2would rise by 3 % that would have far reaching impact on agriculture produce, transport and overall health of all living species.
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